We're Running Out of These Elements - Here's How

Phones, TVs, solar panels, and electric car batteries are all made of some rare and unusual elements. As our modern world creates more and more of these technologies, will things go from "rare" to "nonexistent" and what will we do then?
Hosted by: Michael Aranda
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Sources:
www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/13/aluminium
www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/27/cobalt
www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/33/arsenic
www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/49/indium
www.oulu.fi/energy/node/46134
prd-wret.s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/assets/palladium/production/s3fs-public/atoms/files/mcs-2019-indiu.pdf
www.bgs.ac.uk/mineralsUK/statistics/riskList.html
gizmodo.com/most-commercial-graphene-is-just-expensive-pencil-lead-1829625572
pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2002/fs087-02/fs087-02.pdf
www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/whatischemistry/landmarks/earthelements.html
www.offgridweb.com/preparation/understanding-ferrocerium-what-it-is-how-it-works/
pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2014/3078/pdf/fs2014-3078.pdf
link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13563-018-0160-0
www.sciencedirect.com/topics/earth-and-planetary-sciences/monazite
pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2002/fs087-02/fs087-02.pdf
io9.gizmodo.com/how-chinas-rare-earth-weapon-went-from-boom-to-bust-1653638596
mineralseducationcoalition.org/minerals-database/arsenic/
www.pnas.org/content/112/14/4257.full#ref-5
www.cobaltinstitute.org/lithium-ion-batteries.html
onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/cssc.201802556
prd-wret.s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/assets/palladium/production/s3fs-public/atoms/files/mcs-2019-galli.pdf
phys.org/news/2019-05-china-threat-deprive-rare-earths.html
royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/pdf/10.1098/rsta.2011.0563
www.resourcepanel.org/file/381/download?token=he_rldvr
prd-wret.s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/assets/palladium/production/s3fs-public/atoms/files/mcs-2019-arsen.pdf
www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S089268750900106X
onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/cssc.201802556
www.copper.org/publications/newsletters/innovations/2004/05/producing_copper_natures_way_bioleaching.html
www.jchps.com/specialissues/Special%20issue3/33%20jchps%20si3%20addn%20kavitha%20147-149.pdf
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Images:
www.videoblocks.com/video/repairing-and-changing-of-a-screen-on-a-iphone-mobile-phone-rlfmaf56vjw7npysh
www.istockphoto.com/vector/periodic-table-of-elements-gm1142193660-306312056
www.videoblocks.com/video/flying-over-rows-of-solar-panels-r193mwuhxjnwc60uj
www.istockphoto.com/photo/open-pit-zink-mine-gm153767196-14910788
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Antimony_massive.jpg
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gold_bearing_vein_Toi_Kinzan.jpg
www.videoblocks.com/video/finger-igniting-lighter-slow-motion-hsh5hav
tinyurl.com/yxbp6bgg
tinyurl.com/y69tezva
tinyurl.com/y68emvem
tinyurl.com/yyotp5bm
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Monazite-(Ce)-164025.jpg
tinyurl.com/y6jfwbt5
tinyurl.com/y3mt6l3y
tinyurl.com/y5jr55h7
tinyurl.com/yy2ohqrk
tinyurl.com/y6fska42
tinyurl.com/y4ezho9v
tinyurl.com/y67wlug5
tinyurl.com/yyoeo4d5
tinyurl.com/y7j6uo6n
tinyurl.com/yxmk9gpp

Сэтгэгдлүүд

  1. Richard Robertson

    Richard Robertson19 цагийн өмнө

    You appear so intelligent at first and most of your information that overlaps my education and training adds to your credibility, then you come out with a suggestion to stop "climate change" and I think, well, the guy may be well read but he fails to make logical occlusions. I stopped watching. Please get past your desire for wealth redistribution . . . that's the ultimate goal of the "climate change" crowd.

  2. Anibal Fermaint Gonzalez

    Anibal Fermaint GonzalezӨдрийн өмнө

    I'm surprised you didn't talk about copper and at least a little bit about glass towards the end.

  3. Anibal Fermaint Gonzalez

    Anibal Fermaint GonzalezӨдрийн өмнө

    The only rare earth metal processing facility in America was closed because it was hard. China keeps doing it. Now we just throw away most batteries in the landfill and only recycle the rechargeable ones.

  4. hustler3of4culture3

    hustler3of4culture3Өдрийн өмнө

    What about extracting from recycled and old phones?

  5. João de Carvalho

    João de Carvalho2 өдрийн өмнө

    Asteroid and Moon mining is still decades away, but we will do that. If pollution is inevitable, better to do it on the Moon than here.

  6. WormholeJim

    WormholeJim2 өдрийн өмнө

    There's a lot of info in this that doesn't show in the debate. The rare earth elements, for instance, and hw there are people concerned about China "sitting on most of the wold's availabe deposits" when it in reality is because China is the only producer that is willing be subjected to the environmental consequenses. Thanks for uploading this, it helps put nuance and more facets to the ongoing, rather toxic and two-dimensional debate running circles around the human impact on the planet.

  7. Roy McLean

    Roy McLean2 өдрийн өмнө

    Climate change will reduce both the sourcing of these rare elements, but the demand as well... the burning question is whether we’ve reached a tech plateau. Lost Atlantis will be joined by Lost Apple...

  8. Scarleto

    Scarleto2 өдрийн өмнө

    Lowkey surprised we haven't figured out how to synthesize these elements, or that the focus on doing as such hasn't yet shifted from mining them naturally, but maybe that's just me reading too much scifi?

  9. Jaydaks rules

    Jaydaks rules2 өдрийн өмнө

    WHAT! lighter spark isnt from magnesium :( whole life has been a lie

  10. sinisterLMN

    sinisterLMN2 өдрийн өмнө

    Sounds like a job for (tears open shirt jacket and tie): “Asteroid Farming Man!”

  11. MegaGouch

    MegaGouch3 өдрийн өмнө

    So western countries claim they have stop mining some of these dangerous elements, therefor saving the planet. Instead they just import them from countries who don't protect the environment or workers, and that is somehow ok?

  12. Andre Fouche

    Andre Fouche3 өдрийн өмнө

    Remember the climate will always change no matter what we do.

  13. Jebediah Clang

    Jebediah Clang3 өдрийн өмнө

    Nomophones b!tches. Get used to it. Hahaha

  14. Eugene InLaw

    Eugene InLaw3 өдрийн өмнө

    Get to asteroid mining already!

  15. SPOOKS

    SPOOKS4 өдрийн өмнө

    thorium cam hardly be considered radioactive, and both thorium and urainium are incredibly good at making energy.

  16. Cj's Bullshittery

    Cj's Bullshittery4 өдрийн өмнө

    I really like this guy idk why

  17. Abby Leonard

    Abby Leonard4 өдрийн өмнө

    Basically stop using electronics or your killing the planet and causing global warmins

  18. Karl Tsang

    Karl Tsang4 өдрийн өмнө

    Guess it's time to turn to the alchemists again.....

  19. SuperAnime4444

    SuperAnime44445 өдрийн өмнө

    This is why I drop electronics at Best Buy's bins instead of throwing them into the garbage.

  20. psychotikpaisano

    psychotikpaisano5 өдрийн өмнө

    Hmm. Titanium will spark if struck against another piece of itself

  21. Al Rats

    Al Rats5 өдрийн өмнө

    It's criminal that we have constructed a society where the end of life of products are not considered in the design of the product.

  22. Matthew Weisenburger

    Matthew Weisenburger6 өдрийн өмнө

    Just another reason to travel to other planets

  23. Tonechild

    Tonechild6 өдрийн өмнө

    All of the elements are just made up of electrons and neutrons, so, just grab those and put them together, then you get whatever elements you need. Probably just need a lot of energy, which you can get from nuclear fusion, which by the way probably makes elements too.

  24. El Asesino

    El Asesino6 өдрийн өмнө

    recycle much

  25. spijkerpoes

    spijkerpoes6 өдрийн өмнө

    Why no word on planned obsolescence? I'd have no trouble inheriting my parent's laptop if it functioned alright Like a voyager space probe

  26. ᖇᗩ乙0229

    ᖇᗩ乙02296 өдрийн өмнө

    Me, an intellectual: _We still have SUN_

  27. TRR47

    TRR476 өдрийн өмнө

    5:28 *shots fired

  28. Brynna Wenz

    Brynna Wenz6 өдрийн өмнө

    God I recognize this guy from some old MNgos channel but I can’t place it..

  29. Unotch

    Unotch6 өдрийн өмнө

    Seems like a good time to invade the Congo!

  30. Chris Pierce

    Chris Pierce6 өдрийн өмнө

    Thanks scishow for depressing me before work..

  31. STEPHAN FEIBISH

    STEPHAN FEIBISH6 өдрийн өмнө

    I have shares in many if not most of the companies that mine the elements mentioned. Most are money losing propositions that probably will go bankrupt. Losing money for their original shareholders. Picked up for a song and perhaps profitable for some private equity investors.

  32. Steve Mclean

    Steve Mclean7 өдрийн өмнө

    When we run out of helium., that is when we all die.

  33. Lorenzo Robles

    Lorenzo Robles7 өдрийн өмнө

    @7:27 he claims recycling the metals will help stop climate change...you can't stop the climate, brother.

  34. Darmok

    Darmok7 өдрийн өмнө

    Two words: *asteroid mining*

  35. The One Minds

    The One Minds7 өдрийн өмнө

    Alchemy is the solution to all the problems listed here

  36. Frukwon 420

    Frukwon 4207 өдрийн өмнө

    tech companies should pay consumers to recycle their tech

  37. Lakshmi T

    Lakshmi T7 өдрийн өмнө

    Why are lanthanide series marked two periods up the group?

  38. DEATHWISH -CHRIS

    DEATHWISH -CHRIS7 өдрийн өмнө

    Totally unrelated but the host looks so much like Chino Moreno singer from the Deftones! Great video, thanks!

  39. Ben Johnson

    Ben Johnson7 өдрийн өмнө

    Global warming is a con, by the way.

  40. Hans Hoerdemann

    Hans Hoerdemann7 өдрийн өмнө

    What's wrong with his ear lobes?

  41. Daniel Law

    Daniel Law7 өдрийн өмнө

    I look forward to mining asteroid.

  42. Harry Helen

    Harry Helen7 өдрийн өмнө

    Damn. This means we can’t make the Death Star. I’m so sad.

  43. Armando Flores

    Armando Flores7 өдрийн өмнө

    Unlimited universe and we're running out of elements. Smh

  44. Red Jew

    Red Jew4 өдрийн өмнө

    The universe is running out because the population is growing and we are using too much resources.

  45. Rose Gott

    Rose Gott7 өдрийн өмнө

    Thank you, handsome science guy!

  46. Adam Salazar

    Adam Salazar7 өдрийн өмнө

    Intense.

  47. Cole Chapman

    Cole Chapman7 өдрийн өмнө

    Obviously the solution is to print out more elements duh.

  48. mikitz

    mikitz7 өдрийн өмнө

    I used to mining anti-materia. The mine blew up, once I materialized the proceeds.

  49. 989533234564

    9895332345647 өдрийн өмнө

    assuming we cant just get them from space in the future once the price is high enough there will be people willing to mine in dangerous conditions to extract the materials even if they try to make doing so illegal, if the price of arsenic was say $200/kg and there were deposits near me with around 1kg of arsenic per ton of ore mined id be right out there with a pick axe and a gas mask id like to think im a decent enough chemist so unless the extraction of the metal requires electrolysis at 2000k ish like with something like sodium or aluminium i could probably do the extraction on a small scale too can't be much worse than working with mercury or lead.

  50. Marco Cardin

    Marco Cardin7 өдрийн өмнө

    Metals can be recycled but it's almost impossible to recover helium and that's a huge trouble!

  51. tentimesful

    tentimesful7 өдрийн өмнө

    China has probably has the most minerals as their prices stay low, in made in China products... Samsung and others are bringing products that cost 1000+ dollar smartphones , which is a joke... But in real life we will run out of things we can't make out of nothing, iron wolf ertz, uranium, oil etc... World should keep hold on what brings us to forward without those minerals and fossils...

  52. oliver franklin

    oliver franklin8 өдрийн өмнө

    The future is bleak for your kids

  53. Jimme2020

    Jimme20208 өдрийн өмнө

    Asteroid mining would solve all the problems......

  54. Betty Hancock

    Betty Hancock8 өдрийн өмнө

    Wonder how much of these things are on the moon? Or asteroids

  55. Betty Hancock

    Betty Hancock8 өдрийн өмнө

    I don't think we're going to have to worry about all this electronics and solar panels much longer. Hopefully.

  56. Rich

    Rich8 өдрийн өмнө

    Graphene will be the material of the 21 century.

  57. Mr Monstah

    Mr Monstah8 өдрийн өмнө

    Graphene is like really easy to make though

  58. Ravi Rajyaguru

    Ravi Rajyaguru8 өдрийн өмнө

    Thanos did have a point though.

  59. Lobster Johnson

    Lobster Johnson8 өдрийн өмнө

    So this is what the Incubus singer is up to these days

  60. Gitana Maldita

    Gitana Maldita8 өдрийн өмнө

    Good motivation for asteroid mining?

  61. Randy Wiggins

    Randy Wiggins8 өдрийн өмнө

    Radio Shack had a battery return policy alleged to be recycled but bet they were tossed. Recycling only makes sense in bulk . Car tires still a problem.