We're Running Out of These Elements - Here's How

Phones, TVs, solar panels, and electric car batteries are all made of some rare and unusual elements. As our modern world creates more and more of these technologies, will things go from "rare" to "nonexistent" and what will we do then?
Hosted by: Michael Aranda
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Sources:
www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/13/aluminium
www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/27/cobalt
www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/33/arsenic
www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/49/indium
www.oulu.fi/energy/node/46134
prd-wret.s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/assets/palladium/production/s3fs-public/atoms/files/mcs-2019-indiu.pdf
www.bgs.ac.uk/mineralsUK/statistics/riskList.html
gizmodo.com/most-commercial-graphene-is-just-expensive-pencil-lead-1829625572
pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2002/fs087-02/fs087-02.pdf
www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/whatischemistry/landmarks/earthelements.html
www.offgridweb.com/preparation/understanding-ferrocerium-what-it-is-how-it-works/
pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2014/3078/pdf/fs2014-3078.pdf
link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13563-018-0160-0
www.sciencedirect.com/topics/earth-and-planetary-sciences/monazite
pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2002/fs087-02/fs087-02.pdf
io9.gizmodo.com/how-chinas-rare-earth-weapon-went-from-boom-to-bust-1653638596
mineralseducationcoalition.org/minerals-database/arsenic/
www.pnas.org/content/112/14/4257.full#ref-5
www.cobaltinstitute.org/lithium-ion-batteries.html
onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/cssc.201802556
prd-wret.s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/assets/palladium/production/s3fs-public/atoms/files/mcs-2019-galli.pdf
phys.org/news/2019-05-china-threat-deprive-rare-earths.html
royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/pdf/10.1098/rsta.2011.0563
www.resourcepanel.org/file/381/download?token=he_rldvr
prd-wret.s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/assets/palladium/production/s3fs-public/atoms/files/mcs-2019-arsen.pdf
www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S089268750900106X
onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/cssc.201802556
www.copper.org/publications/newsletters/innovations/2004/05/producing_copper_natures_way_bioleaching.html
www.jchps.com/specialissues/Special%20issue3/33%20jchps%20si3%20addn%20kavitha%20147-149.pdf
------
Images:
www.videoblocks.com/video/repairing-and-changing-of-a-screen-on-a-iphone-mobile-phone-rlfmaf56vjw7npysh
www.istockphoto.com/vector/periodic-table-of-elements-gm1142193660-306312056
www.videoblocks.com/video/flying-over-rows-of-solar-panels-r193mwuhxjnwc60uj
www.istockphoto.com/photo/open-pit-zink-mine-gm153767196-14910788
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Antimony_massive.jpg
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gold_bearing_vein_Toi_Kinzan.jpg
www.videoblocks.com/video/finger-igniting-lighter-slow-motion-hsh5hav
tinyurl.com/yxbp6bgg
tinyurl.com/y69tezva
tinyurl.com/y68emvem
tinyurl.com/yyotp5bm
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Monazite-(Ce)-164025.jpg
tinyurl.com/y6jfwbt5
tinyurl.com/y3mt6l3y
tinyurl.com/y5jr55h7
tinyurl.com/yy2ohqrk
tinyurl.com/y6fska42
tinyurl.com/y4ezho9v
tinyurl.com/y67wlug5
tinyurl.com/yyoeo4d5
tinyurl.com/y7j6uo6n
tinyurl.com/yxmk9gpp

Сэтгэгдлүүд

  1. Marc Marmolejo

    Marc Marmolejo2 өдрийн өмнө

    Here is why the media is blowing up this covid19. In the next 30 to 40 years we are going to run out of several significant resources they need to get the population under control as horrible as it seems or we are going to need to significantly reduce population or the planet will be destroyed. If course the wealthy like Bill gates and top earners feel only them and their families and friends are entitled to the planet.

  2. John Smith

    John SmithСарын өмнө

    I feel like if a substance is both poisonous and cancerous, that the poison would kill the cancer and the two would cancel each other out :)

  3. Jessica Evans

    Jessica EvansСарын өмнө

    Hey I've got 2 priceless broken phones. 10 bucks each.

  4. Ricardo Thomas Manuel Hernández

    Ricardo Thomas Manuel HernándezСарын өмнө

    To build on the end of this video y'all should cover how kids in India get those small trace elements in things like old computers by way of melting down the components while inhaling the toxic chemicals from the burn off.

  5. 3ds max

    3ds maxСарын өмнө

    Matthew McConaughey: Got any Indium? Me: No. Matthew: Be a lot cooler if you did.....

  6. Freeman

    Freeman2 сарын өмнө

    This is really great explanation of why investing into recycling is one of the best things. Every government official should watch this.

  7. Animiles

    Animiles2 сарын өмнө

    I still have my old slide phone as well as my 3 previous smartphones xD I'll keep those devices with me and I'll bring them to a recycling point once they're able to properly recycle them ^^

  8. planescaped

    planescaped3 сарын өмнө

    Is it bad that I actually care less about the Democratic Republic of Congo being invaded for its resources than the middle east? >__>

  9. Been

    Been3 сарын өмнө

    Imagine having a periodic table without tennesine that has oganesson

  10. blackened 1

    blackened 13 сарын өмнө

    Arsenic is not used to pressure treat common lumber anymore. It is not the good old CCA stamp. More likely, a copper compound less toxic to the environment. Arsenic may still be used for railroad ties and other construction applications, but not for residential use.

  11. Kristina Xo-Ox

    Kristina Xo-Ox4 сарын өмнө

    How about we recycle our old lcd and solar cells to reuse the stuff. We pollute the planet by our stupid need to have the latest and greatest throwing out perfectly working outdated ones, it's dumb and wasteful and selfcentered...

  12. Man w/o a Plan

    Man w/o a Plan4 сарын өмнө

    I love your voice. Carry on.

  13. sween187

    sween1875 сарын өмнө

    One answer, alchemy, alchemy will soon become cost effective.

  14. John Hayes

    John Hayes5 сарын өмнө

    I've got dead lighters everywhere, I wonder if extracting cerium is possible

  15. Michael Sears

    Michael Sears5 сарын өмнө

    We know how to seperate them. But can't combine them, it's a little shocking 😂 or don't understand everything here eats, shits, and pisses. A solid or gas for an excretion. Whether it took is a solid or gas. You breathe air take what you need in, put out what you don't. When you eat chicken, your body take what it needs and pisses and shits it out.

  16. Dan Customer

    Dan Customer5 сарын өмнө

    Wile United States has been sleeping China has been cornering The rare Element market worldwide... and now has a stranglehold on it and use it as a bargaining chip or a threat whenever something doesn't go their way ! almost 95% of all recycle electronic debris is being bought up by China for a good reason wake up people !

  17. Hillary Clintub

    Hillary Clintub5 сарын өмнө

    If we're using up elements, is the planet getting lighter?

  18. Anders Termansen

    Anders Termansen5 сарын өмнө

    We know the boomers is at fault but still blame the millenials.

  19. Girom Christian Calica

    Girom Christian Calica5 сарын өмнө

    <a href="#" class="seekto" data-time="217">3:37</a> y'all greenpeace treehugging lefty hipsters better stop using iphones if you want to save the planet cause they're built out of rare earth minerals dug through environmentally damaging congo and chinese mines

  20. bob bobbly

    bob bobbly5 сарын өмнө

    I bet no one knows the world is running short of sand to make concrete. needs to be the right sort,sharp......

  21. Plastix

    Plastix5 сарын өмнө

    I just wanted you to know our chemistry teacher said this is our class project. Literally summarizing this entire video. Hooray.

  22. Catalyst - D B

    Catalyst - D B5 сарын өмнө

    <a href="#" class="seekto" data-time="288">4:48</a> Then the solution is to make our important technology using less nasty stuff but just as if not more efficient. That’s the solution. Both economically and medically.

  23. Catalyst - D B

    Catalyst - D B5 сарын өмнө

    <a href="#" class="seekto" data-time="275">4:35</a> Pressure treating wood using arsenic.... Who would’ve known? Delicious sweet sweet cancer. Para pa pa pa~

  24. Catalyst - D B

    Catalyst - D B5 сарын өмнө

    The rarer these elements become the more expensive it will cost to produce products that use them.... if we use less rare much more abundant elements as alternatives for the applications that these rare elements fill, can that help to significantly reduce the cost of production and even make products immune to the rarity of these elements by eventually not using those rare elements at all as the rare elements become even more rare? From a economic standpoint, it seems like something to consider strategically to protect your cost of production from rising and rising.

  25. big mike

    big mike5 сарын өмнө

    Time to mine asteroids .

  26. Born BredBermudian

    Born BredBermudian5 сарын өмнө

    They should have a program where people upgrading their phones can trade in their old ones. Instead of having to go through the landfills.

  27. Meldridge Reed Jr

    Meldridge Reed Jr6 сарын өмнө

    You should read "The Accidental Superpower","The Absent Superpower" and "Disunited Nations" by Peter Zeihan.

  28. LveMlike

    LveMlike6 сарын өмнө

    Ah this guy again I puke when I see his face

  29. 3nertia

    3nertia6 сарын өмнө

    Maybe if we didn't have a consumer culture and weren't a wasteful species that makes people buy a new phone every year instead of just designing one that lasts as long as possible ...

  30. MrCaptainkirk1984

    MrCaptainkirk19846 сарын өмнө

    So less regulation is the answer? Sounds like it to me.

  31. Kew Akl

    Kew Akl6 сарын өмнө

    It is a dubious claim that we will 'run out' of any of the elements in question. It may become NON cost-effective to extract/refine diminishing amounts, but to run out... Dubious.

  32. Steve

    Steve6 сарын өмнө

    Mine the landfills!

  33. TheRunthis

    TheRunthis6 сарын өмнө

    I feel like, the problem, albeit not immediate, is that we cannot yet create these elements on the atomic level completely yet. I think we are getting closer.

  34. Ged Woods

    Ged Woods6 сарын өмнө

    Who’s we. I’m still on a iPhone 6’s with its original battery and always use the same lighter just top it up with bottled gas.

  35. Pervy Sage

    Pervy Sage6 сарын өмнө

    That's right electric cars actually have MORE of a foot print than gas and that's because of the strip mining required to make the batteries and the fuel used to make electricity. The USA uses a lot coal plants and coal doesn't burn even close to as cleanly as gas.

  36. JohnnyGotHisGun

    JohnnyGotHisGun6 сарын өмнө

    LCDs? I think you mean LEDs. LCD is inferior to LED. We figured this out in like 2009.

  37. Mohamed Ahmed

    Mohamed Ahmed6 сарын өмнө

    We should turn to asteroid mining

  38. Jose Garza

    Jose Garza6 сарын өмнө

    Where is Greta? We need her opinion on this. Oh wait, we are running out of materials to make phones, solar panels and other vital environmentalist propagandist products.

  39. The Great Mechanized Ape

    The Great Mechanized Ape6 сарын өмнө

    so we strip mine areas, using fosil fuels, destroying ecosystems, maybe clearing forests and leveling mountains to get induim/conalt at a very low return per ton of material mined, to build solar pannels and batteries with a shelf life of maybe 20 years at best? sounds green.

  40. Harlemworldboy

    Harlemworldboy6 сарын өмнө

    Go to space and mine these elements.

  41. Brian Brewster

    Brian Brewster6 сарын өмнө

    There are some inaccuracies presented here. Molycorp's Mountain Pass Rare Earth facility in Mountain Pass, California is already mining REE and its MP Materials will start rare earth processing next year versus relying on China. Most pressure-treated lumber no longer contains arsenic. For many years, the only real choice of pressure-treated lumber was wood treated with Chromated Copper Arsenate (CCA). ACQ (Alkaline Copper Quat) currently is the most widely used wood preservative for residential applications. And, as for recycling materials, China managed to throw our country in a tailspin when it refused to recycle our trash going back about 2 years. Rarely do recycle centers collect discarded cell phones or batteries - which hold a remarkable amount of metals. This needs to change, too.

  42. Michael Evans

    Michael Evans6 сарын өмнө

    The coup in Bolivia should fix it

  43. Love One Another

    Love One Another6 сарын өмнө

    We are getting elements from parallel realities now. Hop on the education train . If you know of alchemy you know antimony is the most valuable substance there is.

  44. Yoink Doink

    Yoink Doink6 сарын өмнө

    🤣🤣🤣 ur trolling

  45. Daryl S

    Daryl S6 сарын өмнө

    Declass everything. That includes Tesla patents still not public. Energy is in the air around us. It’s been suppressed. New technology will reduce demand for rare metals. Organic tech meld will change the future. Quantum energy is another...

  46. Hunter Smith

    Hunter Smith5 сарын өмнө

    K

  47. Richard Robertson

    Richard Robertson6 сарын өмнө

    You appear so intelligent at first and most of your information that overlaps my education and training adds to your credibility, then you come out with a suggestion to stop "climate change" and I think, well, the guy may be well read but he fails to make logical occlusions. I stopped watching. Please get past your desire for wealth redistribution . . . that's the ultimate goal of the "climate change" crowd.

  48. Anibal Fermaint Gonzalez

    Anibal Fermaint Gonzalez6 сарын өмнө

    I'm surprised you didn't talk about copper and at least a little bit about glass towards the end.

  49. Anibal Fermaint Gonzalez

    Anibal Fermaint Gonzalez6 сарын өмнө

    The only rare earth metal processing facility in America was closed because it was hard. China keeps doing it. Now we just throw away most batteries in the landfill and only recycle the rechargeable ones.

  50. hustler3of4culture3

    hustler3of4culture36 сарын өмнө

    What about extracting from recycled and old phones?

  51. João de Carvalho

    João de Carvalho6 сарын өмнө

    Asteroid and Moon mining is still decades away, but we will do that. If pollution is inevitable, better to do it on the Moon than here.

  52. WormholeJim

    WormholeJim6 сарын өмнө

    There's a lot of info in this that doesn't show in the debate. The rare earth elements, for instance, and hw there are people concerned about China "sitting on most of the wold's availabe deposits" when it in reality is because China is the only producer that is willing be subjected to the environmental consequenses. Thanks for uploading this, it helps put nuance and more facets to the ongoing, rather toxic and two-dimensional debate running circles around the human impact on the planet.

  53. Roy McLean

    Roy McLean6 сарын өмнө

    Climate change will reduce both the sourcing of these rare elements, but the demand as well... the burning question is whether we’ve reached a tech plateau. Lost Atlantis will be joined by Lost Apple...

  54. OverlyCautiousIndividual

    OverlyCautiousIndividual6 сарын өмнө

    Lowkey surprised we haven't figured out how to synthesize these elements, or that the focus on doing as such hasn't yet shifted from mining them naturally, but maybe that's just me reading too much scifi?

  55. Jaydaks rules

    Jaydaks rules6 сарын өмнө

    WHAT! lighter spark isnt from magnesium :( whole life has been a lie

  56. sinisterLMN

    sinisterLMN6 сарын өмнө

    Sounds like a job for (tears open shirt jacket and tie): “Asteroid Farming Man!”

  57. MegaGouch

    MegaGouch6 сарын өмнө

    So western countries claim they have stop mining some of these dangerous elements, therefor saving the planet. Instead they just import them from countries who don't protect the environment or workers, and that is somehow ok?

  58. Andre Fouche

    Andre Fouche6 сарын өмнө

    Remember the climate will always change no matter what we do.

  59. Jebediah Clang

    Jebediah Clang6 сарын өмнө

    Nomophones b!tches. Get used to it. Hahaha

  60. Eugene InLaw

    Eugene InLaw6 сарын өмнө

    Get to asteroid mining already!

  61. Alex Gee

    Alex Gee6 сарын өмнө

    thorium cam hardly be considered radioactive, and both thorium and urainium are incredibly good at making energy.

  62. Cj's Bullshittery

    Cj's Bullshittery6 сарын өмнө

    I really like this guy idk why

  63. Karl Tsang

    Karl Tsang6 сарын өмнө

    Guess it's time to turn to the alchemists again.....

  64. SuperAnime4444

    SuperAnime44446 сарын өмнө

    This is why I drop electronics at Best Buy's bins instead of throwing them into the garbage.

  65. psychotikpaisano

    psychotikpaisano6 сарын өмнө

    Hmm. Titanium will spark if struck against another piece of itself

  66. Al Rats

    Al Rats6 сарын өмнө

    It's criminal that we have constructed a society where the end of life of products are not considered in the design of the product.

  67. Matthew Weisenburger

    Matthew Weisenburger6 сарын өмнө

    Just another reason to travel to other planets

  68. Tonechild

    Tonechild6 сарын өмнө

    All of the elements are just made up of electrons and neutrons, so, just grab those and put them together, then you get whatever elements you need. Probably just need a lot of energy, which you can get from nuclear fusion, which by the way probably makes elements too.

  69. Hunter Smith

    Hunter Smith5 сарын өмнө

    Tonechild Prcpek with that is that is nowhere near cost effective. The necessary equipment to do that would cost more than any return you could get.

  70. Don Vergaz

    Don Vergaz6 сарын өмнө

    recycle much

  71. spijkerpoes

    spijkerpoes6 сарын өмнө

    Why no word on planned obsolescence? I'd have no trouble inheriting my parent's laptop if it functioned alright Like a voyager space probe

  72. ᖇᗩ乙0229

    ᖇᗩ乙02296 сарын өмнө

    Me, an intellectual: _We still have SUN_

  73. TRR47

    TRR476 сарын өмнө

    <a href="#" class="seekto" data-time="328">5:28</a> *shots fired

  74. Brynna Wenz

    Brynna Wenz6 сарын өмнө

    God I recognize this guy from some old MNgos channel but I can’t place it..

  75. Unotch

    Unotch6 сарын өмнө

    Seems like a good time to invade the Congo!

  76. Chris Pierce

    Chris Pierce6 сарын өмнө

    Thanks scishow for depressing me before work..

  77. STEPHAN FEIBISH

    STEPHAN FEIBISH6 сарын өмнө

    I have shares in many if not most of the companies that mine the elements mentioned. Most are money losing propositions that probably will go bankrupt. Losing money for their original shareholders. Picked up for a song and perhaps profitable for some private equity investors.

  78. V364N S7R0N6

    V364N S7R0N66 сарын өмнө

    @<a href="#" class="seekto" data-time="447">7:27</a> he claims recycling the metals will help stop climate change...you can't stop the climate, brother.

  79. Darmok

    Darmok6 сарын өмнө

    Two words: *asteroid mining*

  80. The One Minds

    The One Minds6 сарын өмнө

    Alchemy is the solution to all the problems listed here

  81. Frukwon 420

    Frukwon 4206 сарын өмнө

    tech companies should pay consumers to recycle their tech

  82. Lakshmi T

    Lakshmi T6 сарын өмнө

    Why are lanthanide series marked two periods up the group?

  83. DEATHWISH -CHRIS

    DEATHWISH -CHRIS6 сарын өмнө

    Totally unrelated but the host looks so much like Chino Moreno singer from the Deftones! Great video, thanks!